Bridging the Gap...
Between Conventional ... and ExtraOrdinary!
Steven R. Elswick • Publisher, ExtraOrdinary Technology
296 E Donna Drive • Queen Valley, AZ 85218
(520) 463-1994 • steve @teslatech.info
Reprinted from: ExtraOrdinary Technology (Volume
3, Issue 1; Jan/Feb/Mar 2005)
A Captive Market...
Our civilization is virtually dependent upon fossil fuels! Furthermore, our very survival is dangerously
tied to the availability of inexpensive fossil fuels. Currently gasoline and diesel internal combustion
engines are the primary portable means of power... our prime movers. Powered by fossil fuels, they provide
nearly every mode of transportation (cars, trains, trucks, ships), enable us to undertake massive
construction projects, and is essential for mining and agriculture! Fossil fuels are an indispensable
part of our energy paradigm.
Energy is a critical factor in an industrialized society. When Niagara Falls was tamed using Tesla’s
alternating current electrical system, Buffalo, NY blossomed overnight into a major industrial center..
Cheap electricity from the Colorado River’s Hoover Dam helped industrialize the American Southwest.
Similarly, hydroelectric dams on the Columbia River provided the Northwest with cheap power. However,
demand for electricity far outruns this country’s hydroelectric supply! In 1999, hydroelectric facilities
supplied only 7% of our nations electrical needs.
Over half of the nation’s electricity came from coal fired plants. At first glance this may seem
somewhat comforting as our country has immense coal reserves. However, most generating plants need to
ship their coal hundreds of miles from the coal mines. Railroads (using diesel-electric locomotives)
provide the most reliable and cost efficient method of transporting the coal needed. In essence, a
significant portion of our electric generating capability is tied to the availability of oil!
We are captives of an oil-based economy. A severe oil shortage could unravel the fabric of our society.
Anyone who has lived for any amount of time without power knows the dramatic impact it has on home life...
not to mention at work.
Electric Power Generation in the US.
This graph shows the types of resources used in the generation
of electric power in the US (1999).
A Clear and Present Danger...
Every day it becomes increasingly clear that the days of traditional “cheap” power may well be over. Since
2000, our government has chosen to accelerate the consumption of oil rather than encourage and nurture
energy conservation. SUV subsidies, repudiation of the Kyoto Accords, outsourcing, and an ill-advised
military adventure have contributed to a global energy crisis. Continuation of such policies at this time
We live in a very unsettled world with a political crisis occurring in three of the countries which control
40% of the world’s oil supply: Russia, Venezuela, and Saudi Arabia. In Venezuela, national strikes against
President Chavez crippled the nation’s oil exports. Around the world, the Russian oil giant, Yukos is
embroiled in a battle against its own government throwing oil exports into disarray. Meanwhile, back in
the Mideast, The Saudi government is confronting a surge in terrorism whose target appears to be oil
Furthermore, seemingly daily attacks by insurgents in Iraq has caused a wildly fluctuating oil futures
market which is destabilizing the economy. Already, inflation is rearing its head and soaring oil prices
threaten the anemic recovery. Some economists have raised the prospect of “stagflation”-- similar to the
economic experience of the late 1970s, early 1980s!
Our utter dependence on fossil fuels leaves us in a precarious position. In addition to the ever present
terrorist threat, the centralization of the industry makes the infrastructure susceptible the vagaries of
nature... for instance, oil platforms in the Gulf of Mexico are exposed to hurricanes, while those off the
California coast are subject to earthquakes. The time has come for radical concepts for our energy industry.
Instead of deregulation, we need to consider decentralization!
Revolutionary Wind Power System
Instead of relying on a shaft to directly drive an electric generator, this particular configuration of the
Kollitz Energy System features a hydraulic storage system. The turbine drives a pump to pressurize an
accumulator which regulates the flow of hydraulic fluid which drives the motor turning the generator.
A major advantage to this system is that optimum efficiency is attainable over a wide range of wind
This clever system stores the excess energy generated at higher windspeeds to be used during those periods
when there is little or no wind available! Furthermore, the horizontal configuration features a vertical
shaft. This allows the shaft to be subjected only to the torque forces of the turbine blades. There are no
gravitational forces acting along the drive shaft, thus reducing wear and tear. This style of blades is
referred to as a “Savonius rotor” and is noted for its high torque capability.
Extraordinary events demand extraordinary efforts. God willing, we can make a difference if we apply
ourselves in the right direction. The first step is political. During an election year, politicians pay
more attention to the average citizen than normal. Through email, and hand written letters, we can exhort
our elected representatives to end the insane policies that the government is pursuing!
We don’t need deregulation.... that is merely a codeword for taxpayers to fatten the pockets of corporate
utilities! Instead we need to decentralize... and encourage everyone to take responsibility for creating
the energy they consume. Ultimately, this means home sized, offgrid systems which are primarily solar,
wind, and possibly fuel cell driven.
We can start a drive today to reinstate the solar and energy conservation tax break incentives that were so
popular in the late 1970s, and early 1980s. Perhaps we can have those credits expanded to include all
renewable energy resources. Finally, we can vote for the politician who has the best energy plan (and don’t
let them fool you into thinking that opening up wilderness areas for private exploitation by oil companies
is a solution!)
On an individual level, we can begin conservation measures of our own. They can range from simply turning
off an unused light to replacing incandescent light bulbs with more energy efficient bulbs such as the
compact fluorescent bulbs. Other areas of interest to examine would be driving habits and auto maintenance.
Every little bit of effort helps... as Ben Franklin stated... “Little strokes fell BIG oaks!”
Radical Louver Design...
Typically a savonius rotor is 15-18% efficient, however, Kollitz proposes to attain higher efficiencis
through the use of a clever louver design.. In a manner reminiscent of Tesla’s valvular conduit, louvers
deflect onrushing wind into a pattern which will assist in spinning the turbine.
While many people are considering the feasibility of moving off grid, at this time, there is no magical
extraordinary technology, based on cosmic rays or magnetic motors sitting on the shelf for us to buy... such
devices may not come out for years. However, advances in more traditional alternatives can fill in the gap!
Recent advances in solar technology and offgrid power processing have created a climate in which solar power
can provide a significant portion of residential and small office electrical power requirements.
In our last issue we looked at a new solar community being developed in Arizona. Key to this development was
the concept of including the cost of the home’s solar system in the mortgage--amortizing the home’s energy costs
over the life of the mortgage! Moreover, much of the equipment used in a conventional off-grid system may be
necessary to harness future exotic energy sources.
Solar power is only one of the alternatives readily available to the average homeowner, and... it is severely
limited to daylight hours and by available surface area. An excellent, compatible backup (and in some areas,
primary) source of power is the wind. Wind, which results from the warming of the atmosphere by the sun, is
an indirect form of solar energy in which the radiant energy of the sun is transformed into mechanical energy-
the movement of air molecules.
Wind is sporadic over much of the Earth's surface, varying in direction and magnitude; and, like direct solar
energy, wind power is a highly dispersed form of energy. Harnessing wind energy to generate electricity has
great potential, and it is likely that someday wind will have a more prominent role in filling our energy needs.
It is currently the most cost competitive of all forms of solar energy.
In the 1920s and 1930s, wind power provided electricity to midwestern farms long before rural electrification
programs linked them to the grid. In the past, I have been opposed to wind power on aesthetic grounds. Although
traditional windmills in Holland can be cute and aesthetically appealing, modern towers with propellers are
quite ugly to say the least. In addition, they are very dangerous to wildlife and require intensive
maintenance. However, as early as 1993, I was exposed to a wind power device that was aesthetically
Utility Wind PowerGenerator
Whether it is in the mountains, or in the desert, these Kollitz megaturbines are designed to be less of an
eyesore, and more efficient than conventional units!
Small Scale Electric Power Generation
Office and residential units on rooftops could fulfill every building’s electrical requirements.
Wind Power Systems...
I had the privilege of meeting Gerhard Kollitz at the 1993 Hydrogen Conference in Kansas City, MO. Mr.
Kollitz was dedicated to the research and development of new products related to the improvement of the
environment through the use of clean energy. To this end, he invented a versatile windmill whose basic
design could be used on a mega-scale by utilities in remote areas, or in small scale stand-alone
The Kollitz Energy System wind turbine is highly adaptable in design. The heart of the machine, is a
proprietary air maximizing array of louvers which employs the maximum frontal area of the turbine. By
deflecting wind towards the direction of rotor rotation, the array captures the wind energy for optimum
efficiency. A major advantage to this system is that optimum efficiency is attainable over a wide range of
Through the innovation of a high torque “Savonius rotor” with its vertical axis orientation, the turbine
has less mechanical stress and fewer moving parts. Consequently, operation is low in maintenance. All of
these positive aspects together with simplicity of design and a wide range of uses create a cost effective
I do not know if Kollitz was able to produce a working prototype as I have lost track of him over the years.
However, the recent developments of the Aeroturbine may well render Kollitz’s work obsolete with regards
to the commercial and residential applications he envisioned. Aeroturbines encompass a radical new
approach to windpower which overcome shortcomings of conventional wind turbines, while embracing the
favorable attributes of the Kollitz devices.
Unlike conventional wind turbines (and Kollitz’s megaturbines), the aeroturbine employs a modular design
(similar to that of solar panels) which is geared to a homestead, rather than to feeding directly to the
grid. This allows aeroturbines to be placed in locations where they can take advantage of air turbulence
which is useless to conventional wind turbines. By employing them in conjunction with solar power, one
is assured of an independent, stable power supply.
Fuel Cells in Our Future? ...
Although solar and wind power systems are well suited for stationary facilities, they don’t resolve the
issue of portable power sources. This immense category includes automotive type engines, aircraft turbines,
portable generators, small internal combustion engines, as well as devices such as portable computers and
cell phones. The sheer variety of devices to be replaced makes it unlikely that any single power source
will be sufficient.
In the automotive field, it appears that the only practical nonpetroleum based solutions at this time
incorporate electric motors. Traditionally, electric vehicles required a heavy bank of batteries which had
to be frequently recharged. NASA’s search for portable electric power may have given us a better solution.
Over the past 40 years, NASA has relied on expensive, complex fuel cells to power their manned space craft.
Now, this technology is coming down to earth.
As fuel cells gain in popularity, so has the types of available technology. Research is currently
occurring on the following types of fuel cells:
Proton-exchange fuel cells (PEM) · Direct-methanol fuel cells · Solid-oxide fuel cells
Molten-carbonate fuel cells · Phosphoric-acid fuel cells · Alkaline fuel cells
Some of the newer fuel cell technologies (such as metal-air ) are great for the home researcher. Home-made
aluminum can fuel cells could go a long ways in providing portable power around the house... and help
eliminate a steady source of solid waste! Initially, home researchers could focus on low power, battery
applications. Later, as their skills increase, larger projects can be undertaken.
Basic PEM Fuel Cell Operation...
As hydrogen is exposed to a PEM membrane, the proton passes through, leaving the electron behind. When the
proton is exposed to oxygen, the electron is drawn through a wire to the oxygen side and forms water. Along
the way, the electron can be used to perform work (light up a bulb!)
While onsite energy production would be ideal, the fact is that there are still an economic advantages to
be gained from grid power. However, one of the great inefficiencies of conventional coal-fired power plants
is that they are located hundreds of miles from their source of fuel. This means that the fuel (which is
massive and bulky) must be hauled in by trains at great expense.
During a good portion of the last century, when the art of electrical power transmission was in its
infancy, this made good economical sense. However, as our coal fired plants reach obsolescence, and
massive renovations and reconstruction become necessary, we should take a new look at how we site our
Economically, in the near future, it may make more sense to build ultra-modern plants at the coal mines!
Modern technology has made it a common practice to ship electricity across the country through a network of
electrical grids. By locating generators at the mines, utilities can deliver the electricity directly to the
consumer. There are a number of benefits to this radical approach:
1) Eliminates the cost of transporting the coal across hundreds of miles saving thousands of gallons of
oil used by locomotives.
In addition, relocation of utility power plants provides an opportunity to revamp our electrical
2) Eliminates a major source of pollution form urban areas
3) Dramatic reduction in pollution through the use of ultra-modern pollution reducing technology
4) Releases valuable urban property for other commercial uses (or sale!).
5) Better cost control as exposure to radical oil price increases (transportation costs) is reduced!
Tesla’s Magnifying Transmitter...
This radical power transmission system would allow immemse amounts of power to be transmitted around the
world from central transmitters to “substation” receivers for local distribution. Tesla trepeatedly stated
that this system would be essentially lossless... without wires! Cedit: Wizard: The Life and Times of
Nikola Tesla by Marc Seifer
Wireless Transmission ...
There are a couple of major shortcomings with the source generation approach. Many more miles of high
voltage transmission lines would have to be strung across our horizons, thus cluttering up our vistas with
towers and a web of wires. Furthermore, if multiple plants were emplaced on one site, there would need to be
multiple transmission corridors to handle the tremendous energy density.
Ironically, Tesla’s wireless transmission system may eliminate both shortcomings. Tesla often stated that
his wireless system could transfer unlimited amounts of power around the world without wires. In effect,
the earth itself would serve as a wire and transfer the power without significant loss!
Such a system would be aesthetically pleasing as the blight of transmission towers and miles of wires could
be removed. Millions of tons of copper and other metals could easily be recovered, saving those resources
for future generations. Tesla’s worldwide system would make widespread energy blackouts a thing of the past
as this global network wouldn’t be shutdown by isolated breakdowns.
This system was introduced by Tesla in the early 1900s, and Wardenclyffe was the first element.
Unfortunately, fear and ignorance led to its demise. Tesla was not content to allow his system to be used for
large scale stationary power distribution. He advocated its use as a source of power for cars, and aircraft as
well. Such “portable” applications would use antennas to tap into the power beam. The utility interests didn’t
have a way to meter this power, and abruptly pulled the plug on Tesla’s dream project!
... and the Second Law!
Throughout this article, we have been examining fairly conventional alternative energy sources of power. As a
short term solution, these can go a long ways toward reducing our dependence on fossil fuels. However, one must
not forget, that every solution to a problem tends to bring an entirely new set of problems. Therefore, we must
continue to search for new energy sources to prevent us from becoming overly dependent on any single form of
TeslaTech, Inc champions radical new technologies that defy many of the precepts held sacred by orthodox physics.
The pursuit of these technologies may not be as absurd as once thought , as one standard after another gives way
to newly acquired knowledge. In the past twenty years, I have noted many departures from orthodox physics
including the demise of the speed of light limitation, exploitation of zero point energy, cold fusion research,
and applications using low temperature plasma.
One of the most basic sacraments of orthodox physics is the Second Law of Thermodynamics. I believe
it is the most overused “laws” of orthodox physics. It basic tenet is that systems always travel from a high
level of order into disorder... from high energy to low energy! Ironically, one cannot strictly adhere to this
law and believe in evolution!
Most adherents to this law are blissfully ignorant that since the beginning of time, this law has been constantly
violated by the natural phenomenon of osmosis! In this issue, we are proud to bring forth a coherent and
convincing argument that the Second Law can no longer be used as a “catch-all” excuse to deny the potential for
perpetual motion devices. .. and science can once again move forward!
The emerging energy crisis demands a radical shift in our approach to energy research. We can no longer afford
the close-minded, in-the-box approach that government and industry has used in the past. However, change is
unlikely. Once again, it will fall upon the lone wolf inventors of the world to rise up to the task...and at
TeslaTech, we are very supportive of their efforts.
Many TeslaTech members are familiar with this mode of research where one is dependent on little, if any, funding.
Being underfunded, many of these intrepid inventors rely on selling plans and self published books. Their
prototypes tend to be rugged, and purely functional. Initially, measurements tend to be crude, and most evidence
is anecdotal due to lack of proper equipment. (In some cases, this is exacerbated by a lack of technical expertise
Let’s face it... being on the cutting edge in a field in which the results are often anomalous leaves the
researcher exposed to denigration. One misstep and critics start screaming “scam” instead of systematically
reviewing the data. Nevertheless, many of the researchers highlighted in our magazine have persevered and
prevailed against all odds. They deserve our applause, support, and encouragement to continue their
Now More Than Ever...
Lacking credentials, the work of many independent researchers would never see the light of day. Fortunately,
our magazine and conferences provide a necessary platform for independent inventors to introduce their ideas to
the general public. Instead of relying on faceless technicians to make a pronouncement on the viability of an
invention, investors and members of the general public can see it for themselves.
Today, the trend is for the greater and greater consolidation of wealth into fewer and fewer hands. This is
expedited by the rigid control placed on our energy resources and access to medical care. TeslaTech, Inc is
dedicated to reversing this trend by informing its members of the latest research and developments in these
Corporate research and development in these fields are geared to industrial-sized applications. Unfortunately,
this will lock in the status quo. Our goal is to change the paradigm and focus on individual, stand alone
applications. It is my belief, after reading “The Problem of Increasing Human Energy”, that this was Tesla’s
intent as well. I encourage you to join us... and who knows... perhaps, you might be the 100th